Detailed description of the Pissardi plum variety


Plum "Pissardi" is distinguished by its unusual appearance and is a decoration of any garden. Many landscape designers use this tree in their compositions.

Given the peculiarities of flowering, it will delight its owners almost all year round.

Description of the ornamental variety of the Pissardi plum

Red-leaved Pissardi plum was bred in Iran, the scientist brought it to Europe, after whom the variety was named. Such a tree is more related to ornamental crops, and not to fruit and berry. Its height can be from 5 to 7 meters.

Plum has an unusual crown, spreading, densely branched with dark purple foliage, it will not leave anyone indifferent.

The shape of the leaves is ovoid, and their length is 5-7 cm. The trunk of the tree and its main branches are painted in black or gray-silver color.

The first buds of a delicate, pink shade appear already in April, even before flowering, thereby decorating the garden. Then white flowers begin to bloom, from which fruits are subsequently formed.

Pissardi can grow in temperate regionscultivation in dry areas is also possible. Plum does not tolerate an excess of moisture, so the southern region, located near the sea, is unlikely to be suitable for this variety.

It is also worth considering frost resistance, wood will not be able to withstand temperatures that are too cold.

Fruits of this variety abundantly cover the entire crown and are decorative. Small, dark red and round, they do not have an outstanding taste.

Dignity:

  • the unusual appearance and early flowering period make the Pissardi plum a decoration of the garden almost all year round;
  • this variety can be grown even in places with strong air pollution and an arid climate;
  • the tree is unpretentious in care and does not require increased attention to itself;
  • high resistance to most diseases.

disadvantages:

  • low frost resistance does not allow growing such a plum in cold regions;
  • the tree is afraid of harsh winds;
  • fruits are decorative and do not differ in special taste;
  • Pissardi requires a lot of space and does not tolerate close proximity to other plants.

Region of natural growth and peculiarities of cultivation in other regions

Under natural conditions, the Pissardi plum grows in Western Asia and the North Caucasus. Such a tree prefers open, sunny frosts and is not resistant to frosty winds.

That is why, before purchasing a seedling of this variety, you should think about the place of its cultivation. Cold temperatures, lack of sunshine and harsh winds can kill a young tree.

A distinctive feature of the Pissardi plum will be its unpretentiousness to air humidity, it can grow even in arid regions, the main thing is to water the root system in time.

Also she will perfectly be able to take root in urban areasdespite the pollution of the environment.

Planting rules for seedlings

Plum can be planted as in autumn, before the onset of frost, around mid-September, so in the spring, before the buds begin to swell, this usually happens in April.

To choose a place for the tree, you need to pay attention to the following factors:

  1. The site must be well lit, therefore, it is better to plant Pissardi on the south side of all other trees. This is necessary so that they do not shade the plant.
  2. Also, the variety is very fond of space.
  3. The soil must be fertile and loose, and the groundwater level should be at least one and a half meters. Otherwise, at the bottom of the pit, you will have to make drainage from expanded clay or other improvised means.
  4. The main factor will be gusty wind protection, because it is this natural phenomenon that can completely destroy a young tree.
  5. This variety can be grown both on personal plots and within the city.
  6. Trees are planted at a distance of 2 meters from each other.
  7. The pit must be prepared in advance, about 2 weeks before planting, a pit is pulled out, 50 cm deep and 70 centimeters wide, a fertile soil layer mixed with humus is poured into it, and a planting stake is installed.
  8. The seedling must be on the north side of the stick.
  9. During planting, you need to place the tree in the hole so that so that the root collar is 3-5 centimeters from ground level and carefully sprinkle the root system with fertile soil. As the work is carried out, the earth is lightly tamped.
  10. Once the plum is planted, it is tied to a peg, mulched and watered thoroughly.

Care rules

Although plum can grow in arid regions, she needs regular and abundant watering... Once every two weeks, 4-6 buckets of water will be consumed per tree.

To avoid the multiplication of various bacteria and pests, to provide the tree with the right amount of light, sanitary pruning is carried out every year.

In the course of its implementation, all dry and damaged branches, excess growth, which interferes with the penetration of sunlight, are removed.

Also it is necessary to remove weeds around the tree trunk and timely loosen the soil so that the roots can receive oxygen.

In the first year of life, the plum is not fertilized... Starting from the second year, the following top dressing should be applied:

  • in the fall - humus, for one square meter of land, half a bucket of fertilizer;
  • in the spring use potash fertilizers or sodium humate;
  • so that the plums ripen better, during fruiting additional feeding is made from urea.

Considering that Pissardi belongs to the thermophilic varieties, it needs to be prepared for winter... To do this, the tree is thoroughly watered, mulched and additionally sprinkled with peat or straw on the tree trunk.

Reproduction of red-leaved plum

Such a fruit and berry culture multiplies in four ways.

Using seeds:

  1. The healthiest and largest seeds are selected, which are cleaned of pulp and soaked for 4 days, while they need to be stirred periodically and the water changed.
  2. They are then stored in a dry glass jar.
  3. The next step will be stratification, during this procedure, the seeds are mixed with wet sand or sawdust and stored in this state for 160-180 days at a temperature not lower than 0 and not higher than 10 degrees.
  4. Then the seeds are planted in open ground, most often the end of autumn or mid-spring is chosen for such a procedure. Such planting material is deepened by 70 cm.

Vaccination - this procedure is carried out in April-May or July-August. You can graft both cuttings of a tree and its bud.

Root shoots - in the autumn, you need to cut the root, which will connect the mother plant with the shoot. In the spring, the resulting seedling is dug up and moved to a new place.

Root cuttings - in the fall, you need to dig out roots 1.5 centimeters thick and 15 centimeters long, at a distance of about 1 meter from a young tree and 1.5 meters from an adult plant.

They are stored either in a shallow trench dug (50 centimeters), sprinkled with peat and river sand, or in a basement under a mixture of moss and sawdust.

In early May, the cuttings are transplanted into the greenhouse., a special soil is used, consisting of one part of sand and three parts of peat. Next, you need to deepen the upper ends by 2 cm and mulch them with sawdust.

To make the cuttings comfortable, they should be slightly shaded. If several shoots ascend, then the strongest of them is chosen.

Plants are fertilized several times per season slurry, chicken droppings or other organic fertilizers.

Air layering, red-leaved plum:

Diseases and pests

Pissardi plum variety has a high resistance to various diseases and the appearance of pests. The greatest danger to a tree is posed by:

  • powdery mildew;
  • necrosis of the trunk and main branches;
  • green leaf roll;
  • fruit cap moth.

There are many drugs that can help get rid of a particular disease. But one most important rule should be noted: all damaged areas of the tree must be cut and burned.

Using such raw materials as mulch can lead to the spread of bacteria or pests.

For the prevention of diseases you need to carry out the following treatments:

  1. To scare off pests in the spring, the crown of the tree is sprayed with insecticides, which include: Aktara, Angio, Aktellik.
  2. To combat the larva of the May beetle, in mid-April, the tree is treated with Prestige, Antikhrushch, etc. In this case, part of the solution should fall on the trunk, protecting the bark about 10 cm above ground level. This spraying is repeated every 40-50 days.
  3. Treatment with fugnicides during the growing season is also used.

When working with chemicals, be sure to use personal protective equipment.

Although the Pissardi plum does not differ in tasty and juicy fruits, its appearance compensates for the presence of most of the shortcomings... A bright, purple, rounded crown will stand out favorably against the background of other plants.

Purple plum Pissardii:


Split cherry plum belongs to the family of homemade pink red-leaved plums. It is highly appreciated by gardeners for the quirkiness of the appearance of fruits and branches. It resembles a large cherry with branches and leaves diverging to the side, which is why the plant is called splayed, and also cherry plum. It is a fast-growing crop with one or more trunks with an average lifespan of 45 years. Trees reach 5 to 10 m in height, have a spreading, rounded or conical crown and a powerful root system. Each can be harvested up to 35 kg.

The spreading plum is self-fruitless, therefore, for pollination, there must be at least two varieties on the site.

Among the varieties of cherry plum, suitable for this role, there are varieties Rubinovaya, Granit, Nayden, Gek, Shater. Another classification includes the species Wild Caucasian plum, Eastern Wild and Large-fruited.

Decorative features

Bright green oval cherry plum leaves, white-pink flowers, about 30 mm in diameter. Wild fruits are round, weighing from 6 g, cultivated fruits can reach up to 60 g. The skin is purple and yellowish. The green-red viscous pulp has a sweet and sour taste (at home it is sweeter), contains sugar, acids, flavonoids, pectins, vitamins of various groups and minerals: calcium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, iron, manganese, etc. ...

A distinctive feature of the splayed plum, which determined its decorative role, is its dark red, almost purple foliage - because of it, cherry plum is associated with Japanese sakura. Along with the red-blue crown, which is wide and elongated, this trait gives the plant an exotic look. In spring, white flowers with yellow anthers on the pedicels bloom on the red and purple shoots of the plum, then the first leaves appear. Flowering lasts 7-10 days, and this is the most striking period in the decorative history of the plum. Plum does not tolerate winter well, it comes from the southern regions. It is found in the wild in the Balkans, in Moldova, Crimea, in the Caucasus, where it blooms and bears fruit in full. Specimens that are planted in central Russia need special conditions and sensitive care. This culture is unstable to frost, cold weather can damage wood. A brief thaw causes the kidneys to awaken prematurely.


General description

According to the description, the plum is a perennial and multi-stemmed tree with thorny branches up to eight meters high. The beginning of flowering occurs depending on the climate in which a particular variety of plums grows - early May - late June.

Plum fruits contain trace elements and vitamins such as A, E, C, B1, riboflavin, pectin, organic acids, and sugars. Due to the high content of these substances, the metabolism in the human body is normalized and the work of the gastrointestinal tract improves.

When choosing seedlings, the ripening times of plums are taken into account. Both early and late varieties can be planted on the site. To grow seedlings in the climatic conditions of central Russia, it is necessary to take into account the high frost resistance, yield, resistance to diseases and pests.

6 most beautiful varieties of decorative plums 6 most beautiful varieties of decorative plums Ornamental plum varieties: Krauter Vesuvius, Cerasifera Plum nigra, Japanese and others | Gardeners 6 most beautiful varieties of decorative plums

Thanks to selection, new winter-hardy varieties have been developed for cultivation in the northern territories of Russia. Plum varieties can differ in the shape and color of the fruit, taste, pollination method, and the timing of the onset of ripening.

Plum today is divided into self-fertile and self-fertile. The former produce crops regardless of the presence of pollinating other trees nearby. The second requires several varieties of pollinating trees nearby, they are distinguished by high fruiting.


Planting and leaving

First of all, you need to find a place suitable for this culture. The site should be sunny, not windy. Even slight shading can result in crop loss. If groundwater is too close, drainage will need to be provided.

Planting is done in the same way as any other garden trees. It ends with good watering (at least 2 buckets of water) and mulching. Pissardi is a plum that, like any other, does not tolerate a lack of moisture very well. Every 2 weeks, if there is no rain, 4 to 6 buckets of water should be poured under the tree.

Top dressing in the first year after planting is not required. Subsequently, in the fall, humus is introduced into the soil at the rate of half a bucket per 1 m². Potash fertilizers or sodium humate can be used in the spring. During the period of fruit ripening to increase the yield, additional feeding is carried out with a solution of urea or "Effekton".

The Pissardi plum belongs to the thermophilic crops. Therefore, to protect against freezing for the winter, the base of the trunk is covered with peat, straw or fallen leaves. You can sprinkle it with additional snow, which can also save you from the cold and moisten the soil in spring.

Plum propagates vegetatively - by layering, cuttings, budding or grafting.


Cherry ‘General’

Main genus: Cherry
Density and character of the pulp
Fruit size
Fruit shape
Fruit color
Winter hardiness
Decorativeness of plants and fruits
Flower size
Brush characteristic
Detachment of the berry / brush
Nut kernel size
Blush (top color)
Fruit pulp color
Density and character of the pulp (fruit / bush / yag)
Fruit aroma
Frost resistance (fruit / bush / yag)
Drought resistance (fruit / bush / yag)
Beginning of fruiting after planting
Ripening period (fruit / bush / yag)
Consumer maturity
Productivity (fruit / bush / yag)
Fruit crumbling
Remontant
Self-fertilized / self-fertile
Purpose of fruits (fruit / bush / yag)
Fruit taste (fruit / bush / yag)
Requirements for soil ph (fruit / bush / yag)
Shelter for the winter (fruit / bush / yag)
Soil type (fruit / bush / yag)
Disease resistance (fruit / bush / yag)
Pest resistance (fruit / bush / yag)
Habitus (fruit / bush / yag)
Growth shape
Crown density
Thorns, thorns
Vitamin content (fruit / bush / yag)
Keeping quality of fruits (fruit / bush / yag)
Cultivation region by originator (fruit / bush / yag)

Cherry plum ‘General’ is a seedling from free pollination of the ‘Abundant’ variety. Obtained at the Donetsk Experimental Gardening Station. Authors: L.I. Taranenko, V.V. Pavlyuk, V.V. Yarushnikov. A new promising variety.

Recommended for testing in the southern horticultural zone.

Cherry plum ‘General’ is represented by tall trees. The crown is wide-pyramidal.

The fruits are very large, 40-50 g, rounded-oval. The skin is dark red.

The pulp is bright yellow. The skin is pink, dense. The taste is very good, sour-sweet, with mild acidity and pleasant aroma.

Early maturity, ripening time, productivity:

Alycha's early maturity ‘General’ is estimated as average. The variety is universal. Medium late ripening. The yield is high.

Increased winter hardiness. Drought resistance is good.


Red-leaved plum variety "Hollywood"

One of the most popular red-leaved varieties is Hollywood. The plum tree reaches several meters in height, has a spreading sparse crown, which is formed by dark red shoots and red leaves. Blossoms Hollywood white flowers. Not only the appearance of the plant is attractive, which can be appreciated by the photo of a plum with red leaves. The variety also bears fruit with purple-red tasty fruits in mid-August.

Hollywood enters the yield period 5 years after planting, gives juicy and sweet fruits. The best pollinators for the self-infertile variety will be the collective farm Renklod and the Mirnaya plum.


Plum Krasnolistnaya - description of the variety, photos, reviews of gardeners

Red-leaved plum

Red-leaved plum varieties

Plum spread out

Russian plum

Growing red-leaved plum

Most varieties of plums are prized for their delicious and healthy fruits. But there are species that are also used to decorate the garden. These are varieties that are distinguished by bright flowering or unusual red-violet color of the leaves.

Red-leaved plum varieties

Among the red-leaved varieties of plums, there are:

  • Spread out.
  • Russian plum.
  • Hollywood is a mid-early ripening table variety.

The red-leaved plum adorns any area where it is planted. But placing a large number of such trees nearby is not worth it. Usually one tall tree with red leaves is planted on the site.

Their dark leaves beautifully set off trees with light green (apple, willow, sycamore), or silvery (sea buckthorn, elk) leaves. Looks good against the background of evergreen conifers. In the case of planting dwarf plums, you can form a hedge from them.

Plum spread out

The spreading plum is a tall tree with fast fruiting. The first fruits appear already in the second year of life. In wild varieties they are small and sour, in cultivated varieties they are larger, up to 60 g. About 40 kg of plums can be obtained from one tree. The crown is spreading.

The spreading plums include varieties with red leaves, including:

  • Pissardi. Red-leaved plum Pissardi, or red-leaved cherry plum, originally from Iran. The tree grows up to 6 m in height. It has red shoots and dark purple leaves. They become so in the spring, after budding, they remain the same until autumn. Before the leaves, flower buds bloom. Pissardi plum flowers are large, pink in color. Plum bears fruit abundantly, sour fruits ripen in August. If not removed, they can hang from the branches until fall. At this time, the leaves turn bright red. Average frost resistance. A tree in the southern regions can live up to a hundred years. It is almost not damaged by diseases, only aphids are afraid of pests. The Pissard plum is widespread in the Black Sea region, where it is used for landscaping. It tolerates drought well, can grow on any soil. It is not possible to grow in regions with frosty winters, the plants freeze out.
  • Hessei. Plum spreading red-leaved Hessei of short stature. This is a shrub form. It is appreciated for its beautiful leaves of an original color. Immediately after blooming, they are green, as they develop, they acquire a purple color. An uneven border of pink or cream color forms on the leaves. At the end of April, the Hessey plum blooms with white flowers. Blooms for about 2 weeks. The variety is affected by fungal diseases such as perforated and black spot. It has low frost resistance. I cover young plants for the winter. The spreading plum reproduces, like all trees, by grafting, budding and green cuttings.
  • Cisten. The dwarf plum Cistena is obtained by crossing the Pissardi plum and the sand cherry. It grows up to 2 m, each year increasing only one and a half centimeters. This is a shrub with a columnar crown shape. The leaves are serrated, shiny, glossy, ovoid. Above they are red-violet, below - dark purple. The flowers are white with a red center. The fruits are purple. Plum is used to form a hedge. Plum tolerates pruning, which allows you to create bushes of various shapes. Leaves adhere tightly to the branches until late autumn. Young shoots can freeze under severe frosts in winter. In the spring they are cut off, and the bush does not lose its decorative effect. By crossing the Pissardi plum with American and Chinese species of this plant, scientists have obtained varieties with red leaves that are resistant to frost.

Not only the leaves, but also the young shoots of the plum are red. The younger they are, the brighter their colors. Over time, the shoots turn brown.

Russian plum

Russian plum or red-leaved cherry plum obtained from crossing the thermophilic cherry plum with frost-resistant varieties of plums. When creating hybrids, Ussuri and Chinese plums were used.

As a result, varieties were obtained, bearing the name Russian plum. These include:

  • Early. Plum red-leaved Early reaches a height of 7 m. The crown is rounded, the leaves with a serrate edge are oblong, about 6 cm long. From above they have a brown tint, from below they are red. Propagated by grafting, budding and green cuttings.
  • Scarlet Sails. Russian plum Alye Parusa blooms with dark pink flowers. This is a mid-late variety. The fruits ripen in mid-August. They are small, each weighing about 25 g. The color is dark crimson. The pulp is red, juicy, aromatic, sweet and sour taste.
  • Lama. Plum Lama is a semi-dwarf hybrid bred for cultivation in the north of the middle lane. It is successfully grown in the Khabarovsk Territory and the Far East. The tree can withstand frosts down to -35 ° C in winter, and flowers and leaves can survive for a short time when the temperature drops to -7 ° C. The height of the tree is 1.3-2 m. The crown is flat-round. Shoots grow actively, thickening the crown. Therefore, formative pruning should be carried out periodically. Crossed and growing shoots inside the crown are removed. You can not peel them off on the ring, but leave twigs 7-10 cm long. Flower buds will form on them next year. Carry out green pruning for the same principle. It is better than the spring one because the wounds heal faster without harming the tree.

Hybrids are not afraid of winter frosts. Therefore, they can be grown in the middle lane. The varieties combine the advantages of cherry plum and plum:

  1. They are practically not affected by diseases and pests, aggressive natural factors.
  2. The taste of the fruit is much better than that of cherry plum.
  3. They bear fruit steadily.
  4. They give a high yield.
  5. They are not afraid of drought.
  6. They grow on any soil.

Plum Hollywood

Hollywood plum with rounded fruits is a winter-hardy variety of medium ripening. The pulp is yellow, tender, juicy, fragrant, the skin is thin, marbled, easily removed from the fruit. Weight 35 g. A tree of medium height, with a sparse drooping crown.

Shoots are straight, the number of leaves on them is small. Leaves are red, on a long thin petiole. The flowers are double, the petals are white. A high-yielding table variety that can be used as an ornamental variety.

Growing red-leaved plum

It is difficult to formulate general growing conditions for such different varieties. But they differ mainly in frost resistance. The area under the red-leaved plum must be taken with neutral acidity. Growing nettles, chamomile, coltsfoot will indicate it. It is better to cover the site with clover, bluegrass, field grass. Fruits, falling from the tree, will not break. Weeds will not grow in this area. The depth of the groundwater is one and a half meters.

So you can immediately see the possible shortcomings of the root: thickening, deformation, unevenness or injury. When buying seedlings with a closed root system, look at the drainage hole. Young roots should look out of it. If they are not there, it is dangerous to take such a tree.

Buy one-year or two-year-old seedlings with an open root system in the fall. They are transported wrapped in a damp cloth and placed in polyethylene. In the southern regions they are planted in the fall, in the northern ones they are dropped at an angle for storage until spring. Potted seedlings can be purchased and planted in May and early June.

Features of planting a seedling:

  • In the fall or a couple of weeks before planting, pits are prepared with a depth of 60 cm and a radius of 50 cm. The removed earth, 0.5 kg of superphosphate, 2-3 buckets of humus are mixed. Fill the prepared hole to half the height. It sags until the seedling is planted. If this is not done, the soil will sag after planting, pulling the roots of the plant along with it and cutting them off.
  • Prepare the seedling just before planting. They soak it in a clay mash, to which 2 tablets of the root former Heteroauxin were added.
  • Place the seedling in the hole, straighten the roots. In the southern regions, the root collar is set at the level of the pit, in the northern regions it deepens by 3 cm.This will allow the tree to grow after possible freezing.
  • A peg for tying is placed next to the tree. Sprinkle the remaining soil on the root system. Watered, compacted. Tie the plant with a string to a peg. It will hold the plum for the first years until the trunk gets stronger.
  • Pruning is carried out by shortening the branches by a third. This will cause the side shoots to grow.
  • The trunk circle is mulched to retain moisture in the root system. Humus, cut grass or even dry soil 10 cm thick are used as mulch.

More information can be found in the video:


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