Honey plants and a list to get to know them better


Often, in the world of agriculture and beekeeping, we talk about melliferous flowers or, in any case, favorable to bees.

But what does the term melliferous plants mean, specifically?

Melliferous comes from the Latin words mel (honey) e fer (bearing), and, together they create the word melliferus which literally means "honey production".

Hence, a melliferous flower is a plant that produces that nectar it can be collected by insects and made into honey.

Many plants are honey bees, but only some plants can actually be visited by honey bees, due to the size and shape of the body.

In the next lines we will see the characteristics of honey plants and an exhaustive list which will allow you to know which plants the bees can access easily by ensuring them a good source of nectar and pollen.

Let's begin!

Honey plants list: why have them in the garden

Your garden can become a really interesting place for bees and all the other insects that, as we know, contribute in an essential way to the maintenance of our ecosystem.

List honey plants: precious allies of the ecosystem

Attracting bees to your own piece of green paradise, contrary to what one might think, it's not too complicated a practice and, certainly, it does not require huge upheavals that involve letting your crops go wild.

The process to be implemented, on the other hand, is to favor flowering plants that have a good ability to produce nectar and pollen, perhaps avoiding the use of chemicals and instead favoring the use of organic farming techniques.

In short, an approach that more or less everyone can decide to apply because it certainly does not affect the aesthetic standards of the garden (indeed, the melliferous plants are capable of producing splendid flowers) and which, in addition, improves the health of the plants: the insects you will attract, in fact, are "friendly" insects that can often help solve annoying infestation problems.

The larvae of predatory insects are particularly fond of:

  • aphids
  • thrips
  • moths

Honey plants: the most appreciated characteristics

The features that a honey plant must satisfy in order to please friendly insects they are quite common.

Generally, flats are preferred evergreen, shrubby and well-boned. Therefore, this list of honey plants includes deciduous flowering shrubs, associations of honey weeds, annuals, bulbous plants and some spontaneous species and are to be preferred the simple corollas to double ones (as they force the insect to make several visits within the same day).

As for seasonality, honey bees are a source of sustenance that lasts 4 seasons a year, guaranteeing a constant production of nectar, which is a particularly sweet substance composed of fructose, glucose, sucrose and maltose.

The quality produced by plants varies by species and it depends on factors such as:

  • the stage of development of the flower
  • the time of day
  • the temperature

How does the contact between insects and flower happen?

Before moving on to the list of honey plants that you can use in your vegetable garden or garden, it is right to say a few words about how it happens the contact between flower and insect.

In general, a lot depends the type of insect and the type of flower: butterflies, for example, are particularly attracted to large and open corollas because they give greater support during landing, while bees and wasps prefer small flowers because they are more manageable and avoid the risk of drowning in the nectar of too large corollas.

Obviously also i colors and scents have their importance.

Insects are attracted to the smell and color of honey plants

Bees, for example, are attracted to yellow and white, diurnal butterflies have a preference for red, purple and blue, while nocturnal ones are attracted to white, yellow or light pink flowers as they are more visible in low light. .

Plus, all of them the veins, mottling and speckles of the petals they give important signals to insects carrying them directly to the nectar.

The perfume, at the same time, serves to communicate to the insects that the flower is ready to receive them.

Honey plants list of the main ones

There are many plants that can be used to attract friendly insects to the garden. The rule, as mentioned at the beginning is simple: avoid monocultures and focus on as much variety as possible.

Between shrubs more suitable for this task, for example, we have varieties such as:

  • Buddleia
  • Genista Aetnensis
  • Escallonia
  • Sambucus Nigra
  • Hebe
  • Cotoneaster
  • Ionicere

Between herbaceous, instead, we mention:

  • Bergenia
  • Sedum
  • Geranium
  • Echinacea
  • Achiellea
  • Lavender
  • Savory
  • thyme
  • Mint
  • Rosemary

Between annuals and biennialsinstead:

  • Reseda Odorata
  • Alisso
  • Leon's mouth
  • Impatiens
  • Agerato

Honey plants are also valuable when yes has a vegetable garden to manage among these must certainly be named:

  • Carrot flowers
  • Coriander
  • Cumin

If, on the other hand, yours intent is decorative, know that there are honey plants that can help you in the management of borders:

  • Nettles
  • Clover
  • Cruciferae
  • Fragrant violet
  • Viper grass
  • Borage

In short, as you can see, the advantages of honey plants are many and range from the mere aesthetic sense to the correct management of the garden that winks at respect for biodiversity and natural balance.

Go and plant yours making all the friendly insects happy!

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The 12 hedge or bush plants

Hedge plants, particularly evergreen ones, are shrubs that usually vary in size, including both those of just thirty centimeters, up to the six meters high.

Whether you decide to opt for tall hedges, low hedges or thinner bushes, remember that each of these plants will really contribute a lot to giving an extra touch to your yard and flooding your garden with color, especially during the colder seasons when all other plants will have lost their hair. One piece of advice we can give you is to combine hedges with trees with autumn foliage, you will get a lively and colorful garden even in autumn!

Let's find out what they are together the 12 hedges or evergreen bushes, and not, that you can use to furnish your green space.


Which and how many aromatic plants are there? Let's be clear

Very often we limit ourselves to identifying aromatic plants in 4/5 known aromas: basil, oregano, sage, bay leaf, rosemary, parsley but there are 25 others.
Aromatic herbs are listed in a file of the Ministry of Health on medicinal plants, an important and official document that describes all the aromas and their beneficial properties.

In our company we produce 14 aromatic plants of the 30 listed in the Ministry file, and we can say that our choice fell on the aromatic plants typical of our area, Albenga, and those that best lend themselves to the culinary level for the Mediterranean diet, typical of the our region. In other areas, both for climatic conditions and food habits, they could cultivate others.

Are you curious to know which aromatic you are missing? Let's find out now:

  • Garlic
  • Wild garlic
  • Laurel
  • Dill
  • Angelica
  • Basil
  • Borage
  • Chamomile
  • Cinnamon
  • Caper
  • Cardamom
  • Cloves
  • Onion
  • Coriander
  • Cumin
  • Tarragon
  • Chives
  • Fennel
  • Lavender
  • Marjoram
  • Melissa
  • Mint
  • Origan
  • Chili pepper
  • Parsley
  • Rose
  • Rosemary
  • Rue
  • Sage
  • Savory
  • thyme
  • Saffron
  • Ginger

How many of those listed did you not think it was to be considered an aromatic herb? Many plants often do not think they fall into this category, erroneously, especially because we are not used to using them in the kitchen or for natural remedies.

It is certain that in Liguria the best known, and above all cultivated, are:

  • Laurel
  • Basil
  • Chives
  • Lavender
  • Marjoram
  • Melissa
  • Origan
  • Sage
  • thyme

Most of these are used for food purposes, especially in the Mediterranean diet which combines them with meat dishes and cold dishes.
Think of the “condiglione”, a typical Ligurian summer dish made of tomatoes, oregano, black Taggiasca olives and bread, or the Ligurian-style rabbit that cannot be called such without the aromas, pine nuts and olives.


We then have the Mimosa, the symbolic plant of the month of March: it hides how theacacia a phytotoxicity to pay attention to for our pets. If ingested it can cause severe gastrointestinal disorders. The pungent smell and the fact that they enrich many flower pots on our tables in this period are a strong inviting stimulus, especially for cats notoriously curious and inclined to eat their leaves and flowers as they would with harmless catnip.

Others flowers to pay attention to if we have curious dogs and cats at home primroses with an unmistakable yellow color that can cause contact dermatitis with redness and itching, vomiting and other gastrointestinal symptoms if ingested. The same goes for the anemones, the marigolds and the violets. Finally, also pay attention to the flowering of jasmine is wisteria similarly phytotoxic if ingested.

In case you immediately notice the accidental ingestion of the plant, I recommend that you do to throw up the animal immediately, rinse its mouth with fresh water, and immediately contact your veterinarian.

If, on the other hand, a few hours have passed since taking it, I always recommend that you notify the vet, and in the meantime to monitor the animal. You may notice profuse salivation, vomiting, diarrhea even with traces of blood, tremors, abdominal pain, depression, loss of appetite. As I have already mentioned, the symptoms, severity and possible fatal death depend not only on the type of toxic but also on the quantity ingested in proportion to the size of the animal.


Indoor flowers that are dangerous for children

Flowers also hide pitfalls for small children, especially those who, once cut, let out a clear, transparent and sticky substance.

They are part of the list of dangerous flowers:

  • tulip,
  • wild calla or gigaro,
  • anthurium,
  • daffodil,
  • narcissus,
  • chrysanthemum (the head is also dangerous).


Spontaneous herbaceous plants

Many spontaneous herbaceous plants belong to the order of Compositee they are also known as Asteraceae. The best known representatives of this family are the Achillea, theArnica, Absinthe, but also Borage, the Plantain and the Burdock.

These are endemic species, that is, they grow spontaneously from north to south of our peninsula.

Read also:

  • Natural antibiotics, Which ones are they
  • 7anti-inflammatory herbs
  • Tubers to eat: conservation, uses, virtues and recipes


What to do in case of contact or ingestion?

In case of mild skin irritation caused by the rubbing of leaves and irritating flowers just wash the affected part with plenty of cold water and make compresses until the burning and itching have completely disappeared.

In case of eye irritation, rinse thoroughly and several times using cold water and if symptoms persist consult an ophthalmologist immediately.

If the child has brought a few pieces of leaf into his mouth just remove it with your hand and give it cold drinks, an ice cream or a popsicle.

If the child ingested pieces of leaves or berries of toxic plants you must avoid any drink especially the administration of milk and take the baby to the emergency room especially if the symptoms are gastrointestinal (stomach pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea).


Video: Native pollinators: Who they are and how to help them out


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